Connect with us


Things to Know About Qualitative Interpretive Meta-Synthesis



Qualitative Interpretive Meta-Synthesis

Qualitative analysis can be done in a variety of ways, such as literature review, systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-synthesis. The first three types of qualitative analysis have been in practice for many years, but meta-analysis is a relatively new approach. Thus, this article will first discuss the concept of meta-synthesis, qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis (QMIS), and its important steps along with limitations.

What Is Meta-Synthesis In Qualitative Research?

Meta-synthesis is the process of bringing textual data together to propose a new interpretation in a particular field. It is relatively a new field of bringing together a wide variety of literature to study a phenomenon. This is quite different from a meta-analysis. Meta-analysis is the process of testing a hypothesis using qualitative data, while meta-synthesis is a coherent and intentional approach to analysing information across already published qualitative studies. Thus, meta-synthesis is the process that allows researchers to identify specific research questions and answer them by searching, selecting, appraising, summarising and combining the qualitative bodies of literature.

Meta-synthesis in qualitative research includes six steps:

  1. Formulation of research questions
  2. Defining the inclusion as well as exclusion criteria
  3. Selection of the scholarly articles according to inclusion criteria
  4. Screening the quality of the information in the selected literature
  5. Extraction and formal representation of the data in the form of analysis
  6. Analysis of data to express the synthesis

If you are facing any issues in any of the above steps while working on meta-synthesis for your PhD dissertation, you can get PhD dissertation help by hiring qualified writers.

What Is Interpretive Meta-Synthesis For Qualitative Studies?

Qualitative interpretative meta-synthesis (QIMS) is not a systematic review and literature review, but it aims to create a synergy of all published qualitative studies on a topic. QIMS is the fusion of three words ‘interpretative’, means it avoids the duplicated findings qualitatively, while ‘meta’ refers to a change in position or condition, and ‘synthesis’ refers to the combinations of unique ideas to form a system or theory.

Thus, qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis is the process of combining a group of studies to create a deeper, broad, and new understanding of a particular topic, where the position of each individual study is changed from the individual’s knowledge. In simple words, QIMS uses the person-in-environment approach to deeply understand a phenomenon. Qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis (QIMS) uses multiple qualitative data analysis approaches for linking all reported but relevant data to extract new information in the field of social work. It involves a detailed process for developing a synergistic understanding of the topic of interest.

Steps In Qualitative Interpretive Meta-Analysis

Qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis (QIMS), like meta-analysis, consists of a series of steps. It starts from the formulation of a research questions rather than the formulation of a hypothesis, as in meta-analysis. The variable and concepts involved in the research question are then answered by exploring the relevant studies for the collection of useful evidence (sampling). After sampling, the next step is the extraction of information from the selected literature and identifying the characteristics to mention in a synthesis table.

The synthesis tables explain all the necessary information to answer the research question or to collect data about the defined characteristics of the phenomenon under study. At this point, the last thing left behind is creating a story for developing a synergistic understanding of a topic. Thus, the steps involved in the qualitative interpretive meta-analysis, along with their brief description, are as follows:


In QMIS, sampling is a combinatorial approach using theoretical and purposive sampling- a relatively common practice in qualitative research design. The initial search for literature is purposive that is followed by theoretical sampling. Theoretical sampling helps researchers in testing and screening information in the selected articles. The sources for data collection or sampling include systematic reviews, databases, and official websites of reputed organisations.

Extract The Useful Information:

After searching for all the sources of information that seem relevant to a topic under study, the next step must be to extract useful information from it. At first, it is the inclusion/exclusion criteria that decide whether you should consider a piece of information useful for your study or not.

Once you select all the sources, you must consider some things like context, tradition, fatal flaws, and temporal relevance. Thus, if a source of information does not have any fatal flaw, its content addresses the facts that you are looking for and does not has vast traditional differences, then you can consider the source valuable for your studies.

Theme Extraction

Sampling and screening of data must be followed by extraction of themes from the selected literature. For this, you should make a table having different sections for studying characteristics, demographics, methodology and findings. After this, you should read selected studies to identify the metaphors, terms, phrases, and concepts. It helps the researcher in identifying all the key themes in a study.

Synthesis Of Themes

Once a researcher identifies all the key themes in all selected studies, the next step must be to synthesis ideas to present his own interpretation to develop a synergistic understanding. This step includes the translation of all studies to logically connect them to draw useful consequences without losing the integrity of each individual study. You can even get masters dissertation help in case of any issues.

Triangulation: Synergistic Understanding

Triangulation is the method to ensure that the translation in qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis is regulated synergistically rather than with a biased or disordered understanding. Thus, at this step, you just need to verify the synergistic nature of synthesis in QIMS.

Description Of Synergistic Understanding

The last step in qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis is the selection of the most suitable words to present the synergistic understanding. This phase is relatively subjective and highly depends on the researcher’s interpersonal skills.

Limitations Of Qualitative Interpretive Meta-Synthesis:

Like all other methods, qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis also has a set of limitations in terms of data gathering, biasness and analysis. In QMIS, the uncontested questions and subjectivity of data analysis cause biasness. No doubt, all researches are the subject of biasness to some degree, but the researcher must know the potential ways to avoid biasness associated with the selected research design.

Other limitations of QIMS are the high reflection of tradition on the content analysis as it uses the person-in-environment approach. In simple words, the effect of different aspects of the researcher’s tradition is very prominent in synergistic understanding in QMIS.

In conclusion, unlike other forms of secondary qualitative analysis methods, qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis primarily focuses on the synergistic understanding of a topic under study. Six well-defined steps help researchers to achieve the aims. These steps include sampling, extracting useful information, theme extraction, synthesis of themes, triangulation: synergistic understanding and description of synergistic understanding. Also, subjectivity, biasness and vast diversity in traditions are some limitations associated with qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis.

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Enhance Your Brand Image With Custom Candle Boxes?



custom candle boxes

You can enhance your brand image and make your candles look even more attractive with Custom printed candle boxes. They are recyclable and make for attractive gifts as well. Read on to learn how these boxes can benefit your business. EnvironPrint has been printing candles since 1997 and is committed to giving you personalized service. Their products are attractive and durable, and you’ll love them as a gift or for yourself! You’ll find out why you should choose EnvironPrint for your custom printed candle boxes!

Custom printed candle boxes enhance brand image

To boost your brand image, you should focus on improving your packaging. Candle boxes should be aesthetically pleasing and follow the latest trends and printing solutions. The unique design of the packaging will attract new customers and maintain current market patronage. You can try out unique shapes, styles, and themes for the packaging. They should complement the personality of your product. It can boost your sales goal if you know how to design the packaging well.

Paperboard is another material for custom printed candle boxes. High-quality boxes are cushioned to avoid breakage. Moreover, they are biodegradable and recyclable, which make them environmentally-friendly. Consumers will also be more interested in such a package as it will help preserve the environment. Moreover, custom printed candle boxes have many advantages. For example, they increase the brand’s image by creating a strong, professional image.

custom candle boxes

custom candle boxes

They are recyclable

Whether or not you plan to reuse your old candle box is a question you need to ask yourself. The fact of the matter is that candle boxes are recyclable, biodegradable containers, and thus can be recycled. If you do not recycle the box, it will decompose naturally in your yard. Cardboard boxes are also biodegradable, so you can recycle them as well. However, because of their size, they may not be accepted for recycling in your area.

Nowadays, more consumers care about the environment and eco-friendly packaging. Candles come in many unique and attractive designs and are available in reusable candle boxes. Candle boxes are recyclable and made of 100% printing and packaging materials, so you can even choose boxes that are recyclable. Many people will be happy to know that you can save the environment without sacrificing your style and quality. And if you’re concerned about the environment, you can even opt for custom candle boxes.

They are attractive

For a good-looking candle, you’ll need to use an attractive candle box. Candles are beautiful, so you want to make sure your packaging conveys that. Candle boxes come in many styles, so be sure to choose the best one for your products. Here are a few ideas. Choose an attractive, colorful box for your candles. Try adding a little bit of design or a cutout to enhance the look. Use a simple color palette and avoid using flashy, distracting colors.

Choose a color that complements the room or theme of the gift. Choose boxes that have a pattern that matches the room’s color scheme. If you’re giving a gift, choose a design that evokes a sense of joy and nostalgia. You can also choose boxes made of different types of cardboard to stand out. Custom candles are a great way to promote your brand and encourage customer loyalty. And because these boxes can be purchased wholesale, you’ll find a wide variety of designs that will match your budget and style.

They can serve as attractive gifts

You can use beautiful candle boxes as attractive gifts. Candle boxes with attractive designs and messages can encourage customers to buy them. People are discouraged by boring packaging, which is why you should use an eye-catching design to draw attention. To create a memorable gift, choose a 5-layer design. Shiny finishes are great for attracting consumers’ attention and conveying the uniqueness of your brand. When you are designing custom candle boxes, remember to create a memorable message to entice customers to buy your candles.

For an extra touch of elegance, you can opt for embossing or printing. Hot foil stamping is a visual brand technique that leaves behind a gleaming metallic appearance. This is a perfect choice for special-edition candles and gifts as it leaves a mirror-like impression. You can even use this technique on standard candles. This method requires minimal investment and offers superior protection. While printing candles, you can use the same materials as other packaging.

Continue Reading


Custom Soap Boxes have various benefits



Custom soap boxes

Custom Soap Boxes are an effective marketing tool because of their versatility, style, and customization. They are also an environmentally-friendly choice. If you want to use them as a marketing tool, read on to learn more about their benefits. There are several reasons why soap businesses should consider using Custom Soap Boxes. Listed below are some of these reasons. And don’t forget to look at the environmental benefits.

Custom Soap Boxes are a marketing tool

Soap is an essential part of the cosmetics industry and it needs to be packaged well to make it more appealing to the customers. Custom soap boxes are a perfect way to increase the value of soaps and attract customers to your brand. Moreover, they are a great tool for promoting your brand because they can be personalized as per your needs and tastes. Here are some benefits of custom soap boxes:

o Personalized: It offers an elegant and classy appearance to the product. Custom-printed boxes are made from high-quality materials and can enhance the brand image of a company. Soaps are delicate products and may be affected by external influences, so a sturdy material is necessary for packaging them. This will ensure their longevity. Custom soap boxes help in enhancing the appeal of a brand and enhance the looks of the toilet.

Custom Soap Boxes can be personalized

Creating Custom Soap Boxes for your business can be a challenge. However, with the right design, the process can be simplified to a great degree. Here are a few ideas to make your product packaging pop! A product ambassador is a key component of most brands. Using their photo on a soapbox will enhance the overall effect of the packaging. You can also use the soap box’s shape to highlight your company logo and other important details.

The font on your soap packaging should be eye-catching. Try using a large font for a more eye-catching appeal. If you’re not sure what font to use, you can always hire a graphic designer to help you with your project. Your packaging can also be used to showcase your fashion sense, so consider the color combination and subsequent designs. For babies, light colors are acceptable. Choose a font that reflects your brand’s personality.

Custom Soap Boxes can be styled

Adding a window to a custom soap box is a great way to add a splash of glam. PVC window cut-outs can embrace the box style and create a stunning effect. There are three main types of tuck-end boxes, each with different characteristics and functions. These three styles provide an elegant opening to a soap box. They can also be customized with a window or a lid.

Investing in an attractive and sophisticated soap box design will help to raise your brand value. For a more expensive look, you can consider adding premium embellishments. For instance, you can incorporate an image that describes the unique qualities of your soap or aloe vera. A unique soap box may also feature a design featuring aloe vera, a popular ingredient. Regardless of the style, creative ideas are important when it comes to styling your box.

Custom Soap Boxes are eco-friendly

When it comes to custom soap boxes, they are the perfect choice to help you promote your brand while safeguarding your soap. Aside from protecting your products, environmentally-friendly packaging also promotes your business. It is easy to implement this method, so make sure to check your ingredients and support local farmers. This way, you’ll be doing your part to protect the environment and the planet. Read on to learn more about the advantages of using eco-friendly packaging.

Soap is a basic product, but there are so many different companies that produce it. Making your packaging unique is a great way to distinguish yourself from your competition and attract new customers. Your packaging should reflect the quality of your product, so that it remains fresh and attractive for as long as possible. Custom soap boxes are made from sturdy materials that protect the soap inside. This makes them an environmentally friendly and cost-effective way to promote your brand.

They are non-toxic

Soap is a popular skincare product. People have been using soap for centuries. Manufacturers use soap packaging to protect the product from environmental changes, moisture, and dirt. These boxes are attractive, non-toxic, and easy to spot on retail shelves. Custom soap boxes help brand recognition and create memorable packaging. Modern printing techniques create beautiful and eye-catching boxes, making them more appealing to consumers. In addition to eco-friendly packaging, custom soap boxes also look good, so the product is protected while traveling.

Eco-friendly Custom Printed soap boxes have many custom options. They can be left as a plain white box or customized to feature a logo or marketing phrase. Many boxes can even be printed with a company logo and name. These boxes are especially effective for packing products that are large or heavy. A unique design for a soap box can be used to showcase a bath bomb or a custom logo. These eco-friendly boxes are an excellent choice for environmentally-conscious businesses.

Continue Reading


Multifamily Financing With Hasanov Capital



If you’re looking for multifamily financing, you have a few options. Among them are Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loans. Bank loans are also available, as are CMBS loans. You can use any of these to finance your multifamily investment or any combination. As with all real estate loans, there are certain conditions you should keep in mind.

Bank’s multifamily loans:

If you plan to finance a multifamily building, you might want to use a private commercial real estate lending firm such as Hasanov Capital. The company helps clients finance everything from company mergers to equipment and accounts receivable. These companies can also help you with working capital, allowing you to meet unexpected needs. Hasanov Capital is one of the largest private business financing companies. Its aim will help you construct your business while ensuring the success of your investment.

Hasanov Capital works with investors and lenders worldwide to help real estate developers and investors acquire the investment they want to finance their projects. Its diverse network of lenders consists of over 100 domestic and international institutions that offer customized financing solutions. Moreover, Hasanov Capital maintains long-term relationships with lenders and investors, making it possible to provide the best financial solutions. As a result, the company has a great track record of providing outstanding returns to its clients.

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loans:

You may be known for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loans. Both companies are government-sponsored enterprises. The names are clever spins on their respective names, as they stand for both. Both of these institutions aim to provide consumers with easy access to long-term fixed-rate mortgages and installment payments. Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae work by purchasing home loans from banks and other lenders and bundling them into mortgage-backed securities (MBS).

These two companies have the unique benefit of being government-sponsored enterprises. They are required by law to provide liquidity for mortgage lenders and purchase loans that meet specific underwriting standards. These loans are regarded as having a high repayment risk, and they are therefore eligible for inexpensive government debt. However, before buying a Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac loan, some factors should be considered.

SBA 7(a) loans:

The interest rates for SBA 7(a) loans for multifamily financing vary depending on the amount of money borrowed and whether or not real estate is involved. For example, real estate loans usually mature over 20 or 25 years at interest rates of 1.5% to 2.25% over prime. On the other hand, loans without real estate typically mature over 10 years at interest rates of 2.5% to 2.75% above prime.

CMBS loans aren’t the best choice for multifamily loans because they require a lengthy and expensive Defeasance process. Furthermore, if you need to sell the property or refinance it before the loan term is complete, you shouldn’t consider a CMBS loan. An alternative is an SBA 7(a) loan from a bank or other commercial lender.

CMBS loans:

Agency loans are backed by government-sponsored enterprises and sold as bonds. This loan product implies that the government will repay the debt owed on the bond. Agency loans are generally only available for multifamily financing. The second type of loan product is commercial mortgage-backed security (CMBS) loans. CMBS loans are structured through a conduit and issued as bonds. The lender offers them to investors, such as banks or life companies.

CMBS loans are different from conventional lenders in that they do not require strict underwriting guidelines. CMBS lenders may be more lenient with borrowers with less than perfect credit history or bankruptcy records. In addition, borrowers with a lack of cash or equity may find applying for a CMBS loan easier. Furthermore, borrowers who meet these criteria may qualify for a loan with lower interest rates than if they were traditional lenders.

Triple net leases:

When you invest in triple net leases, you will have lower risks. Since the tenant is responsible for property taxes, insurance premiums, and other expenses, the landlord has a lower risk, and the lease amount is lower. However, a triple net lease also means paying for basic building maintenance and repairs. In addition, this type of lease requires you to have a strong credit score because you’ll be liable for paying any debts that arise from the building’s operations.

A triple net lease can provide numerous advantages to tenants. Besides lower costs, you can customize the space for your business, ensuring brand uniformity. Another benefit of triple net leases is that you don’t have to participate in property management, which is beneficial to those who are not comfortable managing their properties. There are pros and cons to each type of triple net lease, and it’s important to understand what it entails fully.

Continue Reading